2. citratus (de Candolle ex Nees von Esenbeck) Roberty, Monogr. Pl. The isolated compounds of C. citratus are of diverse chemical classes including tannins, sterols, terpenoids, phenols, ketone, flavonoids, and sugars. Phytochemistry of C. citratus Most of the biological effects ascribed to C. citratus extracts have been attributed to its primary bioactive constituents, derived from its leaves, stem, and roots, and their secondary metabolites. Aluyor, I.O. These studies have revealed that the chemical composition of the essential oil and extracts of C. citratus varies according to the geographical origin, age, and nature of the plant. ACA, which was found in the antifungal active fractions, and showed inhibitory activity against seven fungi and its MIC value ranged from 50 to 250 μg/mL. Oral mouthwashes containing essential oils have shown to reduce halitosis,120 gingivitis,121,122 and plaque development123 in humans. For example, the low pH of yogurt offers a selective environment for the growth of acid-tolerant yeasts and molds. Cymbopogon citratus : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Cymbopogon citratus : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources It also ameliorated dopaminergic neurodegeneration and movement disorder in a model of Parkinson’s disease by elevating the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor . Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Additive interaction of the plant components in Nefang in vivo markedly reversed oxidative stress and enhanced the endogenous antioxidant enzyme system to ameliorate alterations in hepatorenal function markers (Tarkang et al., 2013). (2015a) evaluated the antimicrobial capacity of films of defatted soybean meal added with an LPOS, a natural antimicrobial, on slices of ham. Lee et al. Best growth between 20- 320C although accepts full summer heat becoming dormant somewhere above 35°C and below l0°C. ex Nees) Stapf. The two plant compounds were found to be effective in reducing the bacterium. , 'boat') and pogon (ÏÏÎ³ÏÎ½, 'beard') "which mean [that] in mâ¦ Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal and axillary; subtended by a spatheole; enclosed. Genus epithet 'Cymbopogon' means 'boat' (kymbe) and 'beard' (pogon) in Greek, referring to the boat-shaped flower spathes and hairy fruit spikelets typical of this genus. (2016a) evaluated the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of composite films of red pepper seed flour incorporated with oregano oil. 0 rating rating ratings Additionally, the acetone and ethanolic extracts of the A. galanga showed activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Upon steam distillation of dried leaves, a yellowish-colored, strongly fragrant liquid called lemongrass oil is obtained, which has properties attributed to its strong chemical composition. The active ingredients present in lemongrass essential oil are myrcene, limonene, citral, geraniol, citronellol, geranyl acetate, neral, and nerol. Nowadays, in Germany ca. Georgiev, in Pharmacognosy, 2017. Different extracts of C. citratus have shown diverse pharmacological properties. Anticancer agents in vivo—R-(+)-limonene and its oxygenated derivative, perillyl alcohol, altered gene expression, that led to apoptosis, cellular redifferentiation, and, consequently, tumor regression. Cymbopogon nardus sub var. The oil extracted from lemon grass has also been used as an insect-repellent, as well as to perfume beauty products. The application of biodegradable films containing antimicrobial substances has advantages over the direct application of antimicrobials in the food matrix since in the filmogenic matrix the diffusion of these substances to the food surface occurs gradually, which helps maintain the contact for longer (Min et al., 2008). The hydrophobic constituents in A. galanga may exhibit anti-Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) activity. Recent studies suggest that the use of pure lemongrass essential oil is an innovative and useful tool as alternative to the use of synthetic fungicides or other sanitation techniques in storage and packaging. Andropogon nardus ceriferus (Hack.) Cymbopogon giganteus essential oil has shown a very distinct composition, which is mainly characterised by the presence of cis- and trans-p-1(7),8-menthadien-2-ol Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus, Cymbopogon flexuosus) oil is a type of essential oil often used in aromatherapy and by natural medicine practitioners for a variety of purposes, including reducing inflammation, relieving headaches, improving dandruff, and easing indigestion. These findings were separately confirmed in an in vivo antimalarial activity study on Nefang-treated BALB/c mice and Wistar rats preinfected with P. berghei and Plasmodium chabaudi (Tarkang et al., 2014b). Culms 100â200 cm long. The acetone and ethanolic extracts demonstrate anti-Mycobacterium TB activity under reduced oxygen conditions and in intracellular assays, whereas the aqueous extract did not show activity in the same experiment (Gupta et al., 2014). (2012) showed that films developed from DMM without the addition of external antimicrobials showed antimicrobial capacity against L. monocytogenes in samples of smoked salmon stored under different temperatures (5, 10, and 15°C). Lemongrass essential oil is a powerful essential oil; do not exceed the stated drops in blends. Lemon Grass is fragrant grass is a versatile performer in the kitchen where it can be used in teas, beverages, herbal medicines, and Eastern inspired soups and other dishes. Plant extracts potentially represent a safer and natural alternative for antibiotics in the community environment. Cymbopogon citratus, also known as serai in Malay, is assumed to have origin in Malaysia. A. Upadhyay, ... K. Venkitanarayanan, in Antibiotic Resistance, 2016, Excessive use of antibiotics outside of the hospital setting is another important factor that drives the development of antimicrobial resistance in pathogens. The ethanolic extract of A. galanga showed a strong fungal inhibition (100%) of Lemna minor, whereas a moderate inhibitory activity against T. longifusus (60%) was also observed (Khattak et al., 2005). Prevent the growth of some bacteria and yeast. In addition, A. galanga showed synergistic antibacterial activity in combinations of the extracts of Rosmarinus officinalis or Eucalyptus staigerana against S. aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, E. coli, S. typhimurium, and Clostridium perfringens (Weerakkody et al., 2011).